The tech world is arguably the most competitive it has ever been.
Computers are always getting better, faster and more powerful. This is thanks to tech companies constantly working to bring out the next best thing.
The heart of a computer is its processor and some may argue that the processor makes the device. With that said, where can we see the future of processors heading?
The future is definitely bigger and brighter, with exciting and powerful computers on the horizon. Processors are constantly evolving and growing in terms of speed and power.
A processor, or CPU, is the brain of a computer. Within the processor, any instructions that drives the computer are processed and responded to. A CPU has four main functions: these are to decode, execute, fetch and write back.
All processors have four main elements, each with its own specific task.
The arithmetic logic unit, or ALU, is featured on all processors. This works to carry out both logic and arithmetic operations, based on the given instructions.
Another feature of processors is the floating-point unit, or FPU. Here is where all the mathematical transactions are processed. Sometimes known as the numeric or math coprocessor, this unit specializes in manipulating numbers very quickly.
All the instructions, along with any other data, are held in registers within the processor. Registers communicate with the ALU, sending instructions and operands. Once the operation is complete, registers will also store the result.
Having L1 and L2 cache memory within a processor speeds up the process of collecting data from the computer's RAM.
Nearly all processors in 2019 were multi-core.
Having a multi-core processor improves the performance of a computer and reduces power consumption. With improved performance, a multi-core processor can easily and effectively process a number of tasks at the same time.
A multi-core processor works in exactly the same as two or more single processors would. However, as a multi-core processor only uses one socket within the system, there is a much faster connection between the processor and computer.
The majority of mainstream personal laptops and computers come with either a dual-core or quad-core processor.
More powerful processors are usually found in gaming computers: these are typically 4-core or 6-core.
There are two main competitors in the processor market, Intel and AMD. Both companies are battling to get ahead in terms of value and efficiency.